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Bunion Symptoms

Learn the Basics About Bunions: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Most people have heard of bunions, but few people realize how painful and inconvenient the condition can be unless they have experienced it firsthand. Bunions are bony protrusions that typically develop at the base of the big toe. A bunion can push the big toe into neighboring toes, causing bunion symptoms such as misalignment and pain that is impossible to ignore. At miVIP Surgery Centers, we perform bunionectomy procedures, or bunion surgery, to help people afflicted with this condition.

Some bunions can be at least temporarily treated through measures that are less invasive than a bunionectomy. However, people with severe bunions will often require bunion surgery at some point. The expert podiatrists at miVIP Surgical Centers can help patients determine what course of action makes the most sense, depending on their lifestyle, condition, and other factors.

What Causes Bunions?

Women and people older than 60 have the greatest risk of developing bunions, but the condition can affect almost anyone. Causes of bunions include:

  • Arthritis
  • Uneven leg length
  • Genetic factors such as poor foot structure
  • Small or poorly fitted shoes that force the foot into an unnatural shape

Women are more susceptible to bunions for the latter reason. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society reports that 88 percent of American women wear shoes that are too small. As a result, women are nine times more likely to develop bunions than men.

Bunion Signs and Symptoms

If you have developed a bunion, you will likely notice some of the following bunion symptoms:

  • A bump at the base of your big toe that protrudes outwards
  • Pain, inflammation, or stiffness around your big toe
  • Corns or thick skin on the bunion or the neighboring toe

Since a bunion can push your other toes out of alignment, pain may not be limited to the toe with the bunion. For similar reasons, pain may be especially pronounced when you are wearing shoes and changes in the positioning of your toes become obvious.

Available Treatments

Both non-invasive measures and surgical treatments such as bunion surgery can be effective at treating bunion symptoms. Potential courses of treatment include:

  • Pain management. Medication, heat therapy, resting, and icing can help relieve pain temporarily.
  • Supportive footwear. Orthotics, pads, and less restrictive shoes can promote healthier alignment of the foot and toes.
  • Physical therapy. Stretches or exercises can improve joint strength and mobility.
  • Bunionectomy. Bunion removal surgery may involve removing the bump, reshaping the joint, or repairing the surrounding ligaments.

Prognosis of the Condition

Sometimes, bunions can be effectively treated without surgical intervention. However, when pain is severe or when the bunion is causing additional joint or muscle problems, having a bunionectomy sooner rather than later can be beneficial. Over time, bunions can become larger, making bunion symptoms even more intolerable. People who seek treatment early may enjoy fewer complications and an easier recovery.

The Podiatry Specialists at miVIP Can Help

If you think that bunion surgery may be the right option for you, don’t delay finding out more and moving forward with your treatment. Feel free to call miVIP Surgery Centers today at 877-956-2263 to learn more about treatment options such as bunion removal surgery.

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